Allergy to dust and how to deal with air Pollution
I cannot deny that Pollution in the air such as particulate matter or PM 2.5 dust increases every year, causing us to face many respiratory health problems. One of them is allergic to dust, especially with people in large cities. Industrial factory district Or areas filled with vehicle exhaust Taking care of yourself is so important that it may help alleviate symptoms and reduce your chances of developing serious illness in the future.
Amid the dust crisis Either it is human dust or naturally occurring. Began to make many people worry about adjusting for example in this situation. Especially people with allergies or diseases of the respiratory system. Today, let’s look at how to protect and take care of yourself if you are faced with these terrible dust. Or if you have to take antihistamines, what kind.
How is a dust allergy?
Dust allergy is considered one of the most common allergies. It is the immune system’s response to dust or toxic dust present in the air. When we inhale the dust The body makes proteins called antibodies to fight the allergen. Resulting in inflammation of the nose or lungs With subsequent allergic reactions.
Dust allergies or PM 2.5 dust can happen to everyone. When encountered during a time when there is a lot of dust in the air, there will be dust allergy symptoms such as red eyes, watery eyes, itchy eyes or nose, stuffy nose, runny nose, cough, sneezing, difficulty breathing, Weed sound, itching, rash, etc.
Impact of dust and PM 2.5 dust
Typically, household dust is mixed with fibers that come from clothing, carpets, or bedding. Droppings of insects, especially cockroaches Pet dander Mold spores, dust mites, dandruff, or even dead skin debris. Long-term inhalation of dust can cause frequent headaches, sneezing, itchy nose or eyes, prolonged colds, bronchitis and asthma.
On the other hand, PM 2.5 dust outside the home often comes from the engine’s exhaust fumes, waste incineration, power generation, open-space burning, agricultural land. Which adversely affects internal processes in the body both in the short and long term. Especially in children, pregnant women.The elderly and people with underlying diseases as follows.
Inhalation of PM 2.5 dust for a short time, from a few hours to several days, can cause symptoms. Such as irritation of the eyes, nose or throat, cough, difficulty breathing, lung damage in asthma or lung diseases such as bronchitis. Chronic may have worsening symptoms. Skin inflammation Skin irritation Or rashes, especially patients with skin diseases Heart disease patients may have an irregular heart rate or ischemic heart disease. They are also at an increased risk of hospitalization from respiratory or cardiovascular disease.
Inhalation of PM 2.5 dust for a year in a row may be faced with health problems such as difficulty working in the lungs.
Free radicals in the body Aging skin There are dark spots or wrinkles on the skin. Skin immune system malfunctions. Risk of respiratory disease or cardiovascular disease The disease progressed, life expectancy decreased, etc.
Therefore, when looking at the health effects mentioned above People at risk are more exposed to these pollutants than the general population, so they should be careful and try to avoid inhaling them as much as possible.
How to deal with dust allergies It’s easier than you think.
Initially, people with a mild dust allergy can be alleviated with a variety of antihistamines or antihistamines. You can buy them in pharmacies. Which at present there are many kinds of drugs to choose from as appropriate It is generally divided into 2 main groups.
Antihistamine drugs that cause drowsiness
It is an antihistamine drug like Chlorpheniramine, a group of drugs that affect the central nervous system. May make you feel drowsy Headache and dry mouth This drug is not suitable for people driving vehicles. Machine Or work that requires constant alertness It should not be used in conjunction with other sedatives or drinking alcohol. Because it may cause harm to the body
Antihistamine drugs that do not cause drowsiness.
These drugs were developed from the first drug group. This makes it effective in treatment that will last longer. Therefore, it is not necessary to take large doses, such as loratadine, which can be used in children 12 years and older. Take 1 tablet a day, most have no side effects such as drowsiness. But it may cause sleepiness in some cases The drug will help relieve symptoms from allergies. Whether it is dust allergy, air allergy, skin allergy Hives, or itching of the banned drug loratadine tablets or capsules in children less than 6 years and syrup or chewable tablets in children under 2 years of age unless authorized by a doctor. Which in addition to this drug There are also cetirizine or fexofenadine, which have also been used.
However, using histamine is just a way to relieve symptoms. But does not help cure dust allergy symptoms to disappear permanently Most importantly, avoid allergens. In order not to interfere with our daily life by taking care of yourself away from household dust and PM 2.5 dust, follow the following simple tips.
Keep the bedroom as little dust as possible. The bedding should be washed with hot water or used to dry in the sun frequently, or use a mattress, pillowcase or bedspread. Made of fibers that protect against dust mites
Clean the floor with a damp cloth or vacuum with a vacuum cleaner 1-2 times a week, but do not use a broom to clean the floor. Because it may cause dust to disperse
Regularly wipe off any dust that forms on the surface of appliances or furniture.
Do not use wool or synthetic carpets. As dust may accumulate and be difficult to clean.
Avoid leaving the door or window open. So as not to allow dust from the outside to enter the house.
Avoid animal husbandry, contact, sleep, or close proximity to animals. In case of having pets, clean the house frequently and wash your hands immediately after touching them.
If you have to leave the house, you should wear a N95 mask because it has a higher efficiency of filtering PM 2.5 than conventional masks. And should close the car glass completely To prevent air pollution.
On days when the dust PM 2.5 exceeds the standard, outdoor activities may be reduced. Try to stay inside the building as much as possible. And should buy an air purifier as wel.
Finally, because air pollution is a difficult factor to control. We therefore have to keep taking care of ourselves to be healthy and away from allergy-causing factors. Alternatively, use an anti-histamine to relieve the nuisance of black origin of life, such as sneezing, itchy nose or itchy eyes , but do not forget that. Patients should read the label on the drug and strictly follow the directions. For your own safety and to reduce the risk of unwanted side effects, consult your pharmacist before using any medication. Especially pregnant women People with underlying disease Or people who are using other drugs .